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COVID-19 (all that a ZA needs to know!)
Today, entire humanity is suffering from the pandemic infectious disease, COVID-19, caused by a newly discovered corona virus. Primarily, spread of this disease is through droplets of saliva or nasal discharge when an infected person coughs or sneezes.
Since COVID-19 is an emerging contagious infection that has no known specific treatment or vaccination, the best way to prevent and slow down transmission is to exercise certain etiquettes while sneezing or coughing (like covering mouth and nose), washing hands with soap and water, and / or using alcohol-based sanitizer frequently, and avoid touching the face. Isolation or quarantine of the patients, as per medical advice, and practicing social distancing could also limit the spread of the disease.
In most of the cases, the patients suffer from mild to moderate respiratory illness and recover without requiring special treatment. However, senior citizens, those with underlying medical conditions involving heart related complaints, diabetes, chronic respiratory disease, cancer, and with low immunity are more likely to develop serious illness resulting in death. People with fever, dry cough or difficult breathing should immediately seek for medical attention and under any circumstance refrain from self-medication.