WORLD ANIMAL WELFARE DAY 2021

MISSION OF WORLD ANIMAL DAY is to raise the status of animals in order to improve welfare standards around the globe. Building the celebration of World Animal Day unites the animal welfare movement, mobilising it into a global force to make the world a better place for all animals.  It’s celebrated in different ways in every country, irrespective of nationality, religion, faith or political ideology.  Through increased awareness and education we can create a world where animals are always recognised as sentient beings and full regard is always paid to their welfare.


World Animal Day is a day of action recognised worldwide for animal rights as well as welfare. It is celebrated on 4 October, which happens to be the feast day of Francis of Assisi, who is considered as the animals’ patron saint. During International Animal Protection Congress in Florence Italy, in May 1931, the proposal to make 4 October as World Animal Day universally, was unanimously accepted and adopted as a resolution.

The objective of World Animal Welfare Day is to raise the status of animals in order to improve welfare standards around the globe. To unite the animal welfare movement, mobilising it into a global force to make the world a better place for all animals.  It’s celebrated in different ways in every country, irrespective of nationality, religion, faith or political ideology.  Through increased awareness and education we can create a world where animals are always recognised as sentient beings and full regard is always paid to their welfare.

Animals help humans in innumerable ways, from professional support (as guide dogs for the blind or as therapy dogs) to offering love and companionship in daily lives. Numerous studies have shown the positive effect animals have on both the physical and mental health of humans, which can be appreciated and used in many ways.

Whether they are dogs, cats, guinea pigs, monkeys, llamas, pigs or hens, animals help humans in countless vital ways. They often make a valuable contribution to human health and recovery – taking an important role, for example, in therapy and rehabilitation programmes. They have a positive effect on physical and mental health, they give us emotional support, they help prisoners adjust to a conflict-free life outside of prison, and can be a calm anchor in stressful situations. Animals reduce the fear of their owner in threatening situations; they guide the blind; they warn those in danger of diabetic or epileptic fits. Animals are our soul-mates, helpers and friends. 

We must be aware of the responsibility we have towards our soul-mates, friends and helpers. This responsibility does not only include meeting the needs of the animals each and every day. It also means making a well-considered decision for adopting an animal and to guarantee a forever home for them, because, already shelters are overrun with many others desperate for homes. 

Animal welfare includes all aspects of animal wellbeing. In its simplest form, animal welfare refers to the relationships people have with animals and the duty they have to assure that the animals under their care are treated humanely and responsibly. Every animal is entitled to have a good and healthy life where they can enjoy the benefits for their wellbeing. In animal welfare document the Five Freedoms are widely cited, which includes;

  1. Freedom from Hunger and Thirst – by ready access to fresh water and a diet to maintain full health and vigour
  2. Freedom from Discomfort – by providing an appropriate environment including shelter and a comfortable resting area
  3. Freedom from Pain, Injury or Disease – by prevention or rapid diagnosis and treatment
  4. Freedom to Express Normal Behaviour – by providing sufficient space, proper facilities and company of the animal’s own kind
  5. Freedom from Fear and Distress – by ensuring conditions and treatment which avoid mental suffering

These freedoms include consideration for all aspects of animal well-being, which can be seen as the Five Domains of Animal Welfare. These domains should be at the forefront of every human action involving animals;

  • Nutrition – factors that involve the animal’s access to sufficient, balanced, varied, and clean food and water 
  • Environment – factors that enable comfort through temperature, substrate, space, air, odour, noise, and predictability 
  • Health – factors that enable good health through the absence of disease, injury, impairment with a good fitness level 
  • Behaviour – factors that provide varied, novel, and engaging environmental challenges through sensory inputs, exploration, foraging, bonding, playing, retreating, and others 
  • Mental State – by presenting positive situations in the previous four functional domains, the mental state of the animal should benefit from predominantly positive states, such as pleasure, comfort, or vitality while reducing negative states such as fear, frustration, hunger, pain, or boredom. 

Animal Rights Every Indian Should Know

India has some of the finest provisions to safeguard animals in the world. Many of us may be unaware of the laws compassionate lawmakers have passed to safeguard animals. Here is the lowdown on legislation in relation to animal welfare in India so that we can be informed of what protections are available to animals.

1.       It is the fundamental duty of every citizen of India to have compassion for all living creatures (The Fundamental Duties of the Citizens of India are enshrined in Article 51A (Part IV-A) (g) of the Constitution of India)

2.       To kill or maim any animal, including stray animals, is a punishable offence (Indian Penal Code Sections 428 and 429)

3.       Abandoning any animal for any reason can land you in prison for up to three months (The Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960, Section 11(1)(i) and Section 11(1)(j))

4.       No animal (including chickens) can be slaughtered in any place other than a slaughterhouse. Sick or pregnant animals shall not be slaughtered (The Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, 1960, Rule 3 and (Slaughter House) Rules, 2001, and Food Safety and Standards Regulations, 2011, Chapter 4)

5.       Stray dogs that have been operated for birth control cannot be captured or relocated by anybody including any authority (The Animal Birth Control (Dogs) Rules, 2001)

6.       Neglecting an animal by denying her sufficient food, water, shelter and exercise or by keeping him chained/confined for long hours is punishable by a fine or imprisonment of up to 3 months or both (The Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act 1960, Section 11(1)(h))

7.       Monkeys are protected under (The Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972) and cannot be displayed or owned

8.       Bears, monkeys, tigers, panthers, lions and bulls are prohibited from being trained and used for entertainment purposes, either in circuses or streets (The Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960, Section 22(ii))

9.       Animal sacrifice is illegal in every part of the country (The Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960, (Slaughter House) Rules, 2001, Rule 3)

10.   Organizing of or participating in or inciting any animal fight is a cognizable offence (The Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960, Section 11(1)(m)(ii) and Section 11(1)(n))

11.   Cosmetics tested on animals and the import of cosmetics tested on animals is banned (The Drugs and Cosmetics Rules, 1945, Rules 148-C and 135-B)

12.   Teasing, feeding or disturbing the animals in a zoo and littering the zoo premises is an offence punishable by a fine of Rs. 25000 or imprisonment of up to three years or both (The Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972, Section 38J)

13.   Capturing, trapping, poisoning or baiting of any wild animal or even attempting to do so is punishable by law, with a fine of up to Rs. 25000 or imprisonment of up to seven years or both (The Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972, Section 9)

14.   Disturbing or destroying eggs or nests of birds and reptiles or chopping a tree having nests of such birds and reptiles or even attempting to do so constitutes to hunting and attracts a punishment of a fine of up to Rs. 25000, or imprisonment of up to seven years or both (The Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972, Section 9)

15.   Conveying or carrying animals whether in or upon any vehicle, in any manner or position which causes discomfort, pain or suffering is a punishable offence under two Central Acts (The Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, (Transport of Animal) Rules, 2001, Section 11(1)(d) and Motor Vehicles Act, 1978)


CELEBRATIONS LAST YEAR

4 thoughts on “WORLD ANIMAL WELFARE DAY 2021”

  1. इस सृष्टि का सृजन सभी जीव जन्तुओं के द्वारा हुआ है। सृष्टि का कोई भी हिस्सा यदि अलग। ।होता है तो सृष्टि की व्यवस्था बिगड जाती हैं है।

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    1. विश्व पशु दिवस की हार्दिक शुभकामनायें। ऐसे मौके पर हम सभी शपथ लें कि पशुओं की रक्षा करेंगे।

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  2. It is a lovely moment to celebrate Animals day with love and care.It is the duty of every citizen of this world to live,take care and protect Animals,all living creatures.Let we citizens of the world community hold our hands together and celebrate
    Animals day with love and care.
    World Animal Cares and Adoption.com. 0091 07678061299

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    1. Thank you community of all Animal lovers. In this world,to come forward and celebrate World Animals day.

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